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19 Ramaḍān

THE NINETEENTH NIGHT OF RAMADAN

The nineteenth night of Ramaḍān is the first of the Qadr Nights. Of course, the Qadr Night (laylat al-qadr) is unmatched in merits, since to practice acts of worship at this night is equal to the acts of one thousand nights. At this night, the affairs of the whole year are decided and the angels and the Greatest Spirit are descended by the permission of Almighty Allah so as to visit the Imam of the Age (i.e. Imam al-Mahdi), have the honor of being present before him, and provide the destinies of all the beings before him.

The Nineteenth Night Prayer: Fifty units with Surah al-Faatehah and Surah al-Zalzalah (No. 99).

The Nineteenth Day Supplication

اَللّٰهُمَّ وَفِّرْ فِيْهِ حَظِّي مِنْ بَرَكَاتِهِ
allahumma wa ffr fihi hazzy min barakatihi

O Allah: on this day, (please) save me a share of its blessings;
وَ سَهِّلْ سَبِيْلِي اِلَى خَيْرَاتِهِ
wa sahhl sabili ila khayratihi

And make easy my way to the obtainment of its goodness;
وَ لَا تَحْرِمْنِي قَبُوْلَ حَسَنَاتِهِ
wa la tahrimny qabula hasanatihi

And do not deprive me of Your approval of the good deeds (that I do on this day);
يَا هَادِيًا اِلَىٰ الْحَقِّ الْمُبِيْنِ
ya hadiyan ila alhaqq almubini

O He Who guides to the evident truth.

General Amaal of Shab -e- Qadr

Take a bath
It is recommended to bathe oneself on each of the Qadr Nights. According to ‘Allamah al-Majlisi, it is preferable to perform the bathing (ghusl) at sunset so as to be ready for the Isha’ Prayer.
2 rakaat prayer
It is recommended to offer a two unit prayer reciting at each unit Surah al-Fatehah once and repeating Surah al-Tawheed seven times. After the completion of the prayer, the following supplication should be repeated seventy times:

اَسْتَغْفِرُ اللّٰه وَ اَتُوْبُ اِلَيْه

According to a hadith reported from the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.), Almighty Allah will forgive one who offers this prayer and will forgive his parents before he leaves his place.

Holy Qur'an amaal
It is recommended to open a copy of the Holy Qur’an between one’s hands and recite the following:

اَللّٰهُمَّ اِنِّي اَسْاَلُكَ بِكِتَابِكَ الْمُنْزَلِ وَ مَا فِيْهِ وَ فِيْهِ اسْمُكَ الْاَكْبَرُ وَ اَسْمَاؤُكَ الْحُسْنَى وَ مَا يُخَافُ وَ يُرْجَى اَنْ تَجْعَلَنِي مِنْ عُتَقَائِكَ مِنَ النَّارِ.

Then, one may pray to God to fulfill one’s desires.

It is recommended to put a copy of the Holy Qur’an on the head and say the following:

اَللّٰهُمَّ بِحَقِّ هٰذَا الْقُرْآنِ وَ بِحَقِّ مَنْ اَرْسَلْتَهُ بِهِ وَ بِحَقِّ كُلِّ مُؤْمِنٍ مَدَحْتَهُ فِيهِ وَ بِحَقِّكَ عَلَيْهِمْ فَلَا اَحَدَ اَعْرَفُ بِحَقِّكَ مِنْكَ

Then, one should repeat each of the following ten times:

بِكَ يَا اللّٰهُ
بِمُحَمَّدٍ
بِعَلِيٍّ
بِفَاطِمَةَ
بِالْحَسَنِ
بِالْحُسَيْنِ
بِعَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ
بِمُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ
بِجَعْفَرِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ
بِمُوسَى بْنِ جَعْفَرٍ
بِعَلِيِّ بْنِ مُوسَى
بِمُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ
بِعَلِيِّ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ
بِالْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ
بِالْحُجَّةِ

One should then pray Almighty Allah to fulfill one’s desires.

Visit tomb of Imam Husain (a)
It is advisable to visit the holy tomb of Imam al-Husayn (a) at these nights. A hadith, in this respect, reads that on the Qadr Nights, a caller from the heavens will call from the Seventh Sky and, specifically, from the centre of the Holy Throne that Almighty Allah shall forgive whoever visits the tomb of al-Husayn (a).
100 rakaat prayer
It is recommended to offer the one hundred unit prayer. It is preferable to recite at these units Surah al-Faatehah once and repeat Surah al-Tawheed ten times.
Supplication 1
It is recommended to say the following supplication:

اَللّٰهُمَّ اِنِّي اَمْسَيْتُ لَكَ عَبْدًا دَاخِرًا لَا اَمْلِكُ لِنَفْسِي نَفْعًا وَ لَا ضَرًّا وَ لَا اَصْرِفُ عَنْهَا سُوءًا اَشْهَدُ بِذٰلِكَ عَلَى نَفْسِيْ وَ اَعْتَرِفُ لَكَ بِضَعْفِ قُوَّتِي وَ قِلَّةِ حِيْلَتِي فَصَلِّ عَلَىٰ مُحَمَّدٍ وَ آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَ اَنْجِزْ لِي مَا وَعَدْتَنِي وَ جَمِيْعَ الْمُؤْمِنِيْنَ وَ الْمُؤْمِنَاتِ مِنَ الْمَغْفِرَةِ فِي هٰذِهِ اللَّيْلَةِ وَ اَتْمِمْ عَلَيَّ مَا آتَيْتَنِي فَاِنِّي عَبْدُكَ الْمِسْكِيْنُ الْمُسْتَكِيْنُ الضَّعِيْفُ الْفَقِيْرُ الْمَهِيْنُ اَللّٰهُمَّ لَا تَجْعَلْنِي نَاسِيًا لِذِكْرِكَ فِيْمَا اَوْلَيْتَنِي وَ لَا [غَافِلًا] لِاِحْسَانِكَ فِيْمَا اَعْطَيْتَنِي وَ لَا آيِسًا مِنْ اِجَابَتِكَ وَ اِنْ اَبْطَاَتْ عَنِّي فِي سَرَّاءَ [كُنْتُ‏] اَوْ ضَرَّاءَ اَوْ شِدَّةٍ اَوْ رَخَاءٍ اَوْ عَافِيَةٍ اَوْ بَلَاءٍ اَوْ بُؤْسٍ اَوْ نَعْمَاءَ اِنَّكَ سَمِيْعُ الدُّعَاءِ

al-Kaf’ami has narrated that Imam Zayn al-’Abidin(a.s.) used to recite this supplication frequently during the Qadr Nights while sitting, standing, genuflecting, and prostrating.

Ask for forgiveness
‘Allamah al-Majlisi has mentioned that the most favorable rite during the Qadr Nights is to implore for Almighty Allah’s forgiveness, to mention Him, to pray for the settlement of one’s worldly and religious affairs as well as for one’s parents, relatives, and brethren-in-faith; the dead and the alive, and to invoke blessings upon the Holy Prophet and his Household.
Dua Jawshan al-Kabir
It is recommended to say the famous supplication known as Dua al-Jawshan al-Kabir, on the three Qadr Nights.
Pray for good health
It has been also narrated that when he was asked about the best prayer that one may ask on the Qadr Night, the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) said, “Pray for good health.”

Amaal for 19th Night of Ramaḍān

Supplication 1
It is recommended to repeat the following supplication one hundred times at the nineteenth night of Ramaḍān:

اَسْتَغْفِرُ اللّٰهَ رَبِّي وَ اَتُوبُ اِلَيْهِ
Curse the killers of Imam Alī (a)
It is recommended to repeat the following imprecatory prayer one hundred times at the nineteenth night of Ramaḍān:

اَللّٰهُمَّ الْعَنْ قَتَلَةَ اَمِيرِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ
O Allah, curse be upon the killers of Amīr al-Muʾminīn
Supplication 2
It is recommended to recite the following supplication:

يَا ذَا الَّذِيْ كَانَ قَبْلَ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ،
ya dhalladhy kana qabla kulli shay‘in
O He Who has been always there before all things,
ثُمَّ خَلَقَ كُلَّ شَيْءٍ،
thumma khalaqa kulla shay‘in
And He then created all things,
ثُمَّ يَبْقٰى وَيَفْنٰى كُلُّ شَيْءٍ،
thumm yabqa wa yafna kullu shay‘in
And He then stays while all things vanish.
يَا ذَا الَّذِيْ لَيْسَ كَمِثْلِهِ شَيْءٌ،
ya dhalladhy laysa kamithlihi shay‘un
O He Whose like in not found at all
وَيَا ذَا الَّذِيْ لَيْسَ فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ الْعُلٰى،
wa ya dhalladhy laysa fi alssamawati al`ula
O He; neither in the highest heavens,
وَلَا فِى الْاَرَضِيْنَ الْسُفْلٰى،
wa la fi alaradhina alssufla
Nor in the lowest layers of the earth
وَلَا فَوْقَهُنَّ وَلَا تَحْتَهُنَّ، وَلَا بَيْنَهُنَّ اِلـٰهٌ يُعْبَدُ غَيْرُهُ
wa la fawqahunna wa la tahtahunna wa la baynahunna ilhun yu`badu ghayruhu
Nor above them, nor beneath them, nor there is between them any god that is worshipped save Him.
لَكَ الْحَمْدُ حَمْدًا لَا يَقْوٰى عَلٰى اِحْصَآئِهِ اِلَّا اَنْتَ،
laka alhamdu hamdan la yaqwa `ala ihsa’ihi illa anta
To You be the praise that none can count save You,
فَصَلِّ عَلٰى مُحَمَّدٍ وَاٰلِ مُحَمِّدٍ صَلَاةً لَا يَقْوٰى عَلٰى اِحْصَآئِهَا اِلَّا اَنْتَ
fasalli `ala muhammadin wa ali muhammadin salatan la yaqwa `ala ihsa’ihailla anta
So, please bless Muhammad and the Household of Muhammad with the blessings that none can count save You.
Supplication 3
It is recommended to recite the following supplication:

اَللّٰهُمَّ اجْعَلْ فِيْمَا تَقْضِي وَ تُقَدِّرُ مِنَ الْاَمْرِ الْمَحْتُومِ وَ فِيْمَا تَفْرُقُ مِنَ الْاَمْرِ الْحَكِيْمِ فِي لَيْلَةِ الْقَدْرِ وَ فِي الْقَضَاءِ الَّذِي لَا يُرَدُّ وَ لَا يُبَدَّلُ اَنْ تَكْتُبَنِي مِنْ حُجَّاجِ بَيْتِكَ الْحَرَامِ الْمَبْرُوْرِ حَجُّهُمْ الْمَشْكُوْرِ سَعْيُهُمْ الْمَغْفُوْرِ ذُنُوْبُهُمْ الْمُكَفَّرِ عَنْهُمْ سَيِّئَاتُهُمْ وَ اجْعَلْ فِيْمَا تَقْضِي وَ تُقَدِّرُ اَنْ تُطِيْلَ عُمْرِي وَ تُوَسِّعَ عَلَيَّ فِي رِزْقِي ...

One may mention his desires after that.