THE TWENTY FIRST NIGHT OF RAMADAN
The twenty-first night of Ramaḍān is more meritorious that the nineteenth. It is worthwhile to practice the previously mentioned general rites of the Qadr Nights, such as bathing, spending the whole nights with acts of worship, visiting the tomb of Imam al-Husayn (a.s.), offering the two unit prayer in which Surah al-Faatehah is recited once and Surah al-Tawheed repeated seven times, putting a copy of the Holy Qur’an on the head and reciting the supplication dedicated to this practice, reciting Dua al-Jawshan al-Kabir supplication, and so on. According to narrations, it is strongly advisable to do the bathing and to spend the whole night with painstaking acts of worship at this night as well as the twenty-third, since the real Qadr Night is one of these two nights.
When the Holy Infallibles (عليه السلام) were asked to specify the Qadr Night, they did not specify; rather they used to say, “It is too easy to act on two nights in order to win one’s desire.” They also used to say, “What will harm you if you act righteously on the two nights?”
Dictating to his students, Shaykh al-Saduq said in one of his sessions, “It is preferable to spend these two nights with studying the religious knowledge.”
Starting with this night, it is recommended to recite the supplications that are dedicated to the last ten nights of Ramaḍān.
It is worth mentioning that on the 21st night of Ramaḍān, the sadnesses of the Shi’ah should be shown. On the 21st night of Ramaḍān, AH 40, Ameer al-Momineen Imam Ali ibn Abi-Talib (عليه السلام) departed life as martyr. It is narrated that fresh blood would be found under any rock that was lifted at that night. The same thing happened on the night of Imam al-Husayn’s martyrdom.
Shaykh al-Mufid says: On this night, it is highly recommended, as frequently as possible, to invoke Almighty Allah’s blessings upon the Holy Prophet and his Household and to invoke His curse upon those who have wronged the Ahl al-Bayt and upon the killer of Imam Ali Ameer al-Momineen (عليه السلام).
The Twenty First Night Prayer: It is recommended to offer an eight unit prayer with any selected Surahs.