15th day of Sha‘bān
On the 15th of Sha‘bān, the twelfth Imam al-Mahdi, the Imam of our Time (Sahib al-Zaman), was born – may Almighty Allah’s blessings be upon him and his immaculate ancestors. It is recommended to visit him at each time and place and to pray Almighty Allah for hastening in his advent. His Ziyarah at the Vault (sirdab) in Samarra’ is more favorable. Beyond any dispute, Imam al-Mahdi (عليه السلام) shall appear, overcome, and fill the earth with justice and equality just as it would be filled with injustice and oppression.
THE RITES OF THE REST OF Sha‘bān
Imam al-Rida (عليه السلام) is reported as saying: If one observes fasting on the last three days of Sha‘bān and connects it with the obligatory fasting of Ramaḍān, Almighty Allah will decide for him as having observed fasting for two consecutive months.
Abu’l-Salt al-Harawi has narrated that when he visited Imam al-Rida (عليه السلام) on the last Friday of Sha’ban, the Imam said to him:
Abu’l-Salt, the days of Sha‘bān have almost passed. This is the last Friday. You should thus settle what you have missed in this month by working harder in the rest of it. You may supplicate God, implore for His forgiveness, recite the Holy Qur’an, and repent to Him from your sins so that you receive the month of Ramaḍān with pure sincerity to Him. You must fulfil all the trusts that you are liable to settle, do not bear malice against any of your brethren-in-faith, you must give up any sin that you commit. Fear Almighty Allah and trust in Him in secret and openly, for ‘If anyone puts his trust in Allah, sufficient is (Allah) for him. For Allah will surely accomplish his purpose. Verily, for all things has Allah appointed a due proportion. 65/3’
In the rest days of Sha‘bān, you may repeat the following supplication frequently for Almighty Allah rescues many people from hellfire on account of the sanctity of this month:
15th night of Sha‘bān
This night is extraordinarily honorable. Imam Ja’far al-Sadiq (عليه السلام) has narrated that when Imam Muhammad al-Baqir (عليه السلام) was asked about the merits of the 15th night of Sha’ban, he answered, “It is the most favorable night after the Qadr Night. On this night, Almighty Allah bestows upon His servants with His favors and grants them His pardon out of His conferral of benefits to them. Therefore, you should exert all efforts to seek nearness to Him on this night, because He – the Majestic and Honorable – has decided not to reject any asker as long as he does not ask for an act of disobedience to Him. Almighty Allah has chosen this night for us, the Ahl al-Bayt, just as He has chosen the Qadr Night for our Prophet – peace be upon him and his Household. You should thus pray and thank Him diligently.”
One of the marvelous blessings of this night is that it is the birth night of the Imam of our Time, Imam al-Mahdi (عليه السلام) – may Allah accept our souls as ransoms for him. He was born in Surra-man-ra’a (currently Samarra’) at the hour before daybreak in 255 AH. This incident increases the merits of this honorable night.
However, narrations have carried many recommended rites to be carried out on this night: