Night of 17th Rabī‘ al-awwal
At the seventeenth night of Rabi’ al-Awwal, the Holy Prophet (sawa), the Seal of the Prophets, was born. It is thus a very blessed night.
Sayyid Ibn Tawus has narrated that one year before Hegira, the Holy Prophet (sawa) ascended to the seven heavens at the seventeenth night of Rabī‘ al-awwal.
Day of 17th Rabī‘ al-awwal
The seventeenth of Rabī‘ al-awwal is the birthday of the Holy Prophet, Muhammad ibn ‘Abdullah – may peace and blessings of Allah be upon him and his Household. This is the famous opinion adopted by the Imamiyyah scholars. It is well-known that the Holy Prophet (sawa) was born in Makkah, in his house, at the break of the morning of Friday in the year known as “The Year of the Elephant” during the reign of the Anushirwan, the fair king of Persia (also called Khosrow the Just).
Also, on the seventeenth of Rabi’ al-Awwal, AH 83, Imam Ja’far ibn Muhammad al-Sadiq (as) was born. This event has added further honor to this day.
In brief, the devotional acts that should be practiced on this holy day are as follows: