Shia Calendar Bismillah Duas Supplications Ziyarah Ziyarat Munajat Sahifa Sajjadiya Alawiya

23 Ramaḍān

23RD NIGHT OF RAMADHAN

The twenty-third night of Ramaḍān, the last of the Qadr Nights, is more meritorious than the two previous ones; namely, the nineteenth and the twenty-first. Many narrations confirm that it is the Qadr Night at which all wise affairs are decided.

Dua on the 23rd night of Ramaḍān

Arabic/Translation/TransliterationArabic
يَا رَبَّ لَيْلَةِ ٱلقَدْرِ
ya rabba laylati alqadri

O Lord of the Grand Night
وَجَاعِلَهَا خَيْراً مِنَ الْفِ شَهْرٍ
wa ja`ilaha khayran min alfi shahrin

Who decided it to be better than one thousand months!
وَرَبَّ ٱللَّيْلِ وَٱلنَّهَارِ
wa rabba allayli walnnahari

O Lord of night, day,
وَٱلْجِبَالِ وَٱلبِحَارِ
waljibali walbihari

mountains, oceans,
وَٱلظُّلَمِ وَٱلانْوَارِ
wal¨¨ulami wal-anwari

darkness, light,
وَٱلارْضِ وَٱلسَّمَاءِ
wal-ardi walssama’i

the earth, and the heavens!
يَا بَارِئُ يَا مُصَوِّرُ
ya bari’u ya musawwiru

O Maker! O Fashioner!
يَا حَنَّانُ يَا مَنَّانُ
ya hannanu ya mannanu

O All-tender! O All-favorer!
يَا اللَّهُ يَا رَحْمٰنُ
ya allahu ya rahmanu

O Allah! O All-beneficent!
يَا اللَّهُ يَا قَيُّومُ
ya allahu ya qayyumu

O Allah! O Self-Subsisting!
يَا اللَّهُ يَا بَدِيعُ
ya allahu ya badi`u

O Allah! O wonderful Originator!
يَا اللَّهُ يَا اللَّهُ يَا اللَّهُ
ya allahu ya allahu ya allahu

O Allah! O Allah! O Allah!
لَكَ ٱلاسْمَاءُ ٱلْحُسْنَىٰ
laka al-asma’u alhusna

To You are the Most Excellent Names,
وَٱلامْثَالُ ٱلْعُلْيَا
wal-amthalu al`ulya

the most elevated examples,
وَٱلْكِبْرِيَاءُ وَٱلآلاَءُ
walkibriya’u wal-ala’u

greatness, and bounties.
اسْالُكَ انْ تُصَلِّيَ عَلَىٰ مُحَمَّدٍ وَآلِ مُحَمَّدٍ
as’aluka an tusalliya `ala muhammadin wa ali muhammadin

I beseech You to bless Muhammad and the Household of Muhammad,
وَانْ تَجْعَلَ ٱسْمِي فِي هٰذِهِ ٱللَّيْلَةِ فِي ٱلسُّعَدَاءِ
wa an taj`ala ismi fi hadhihi allaylati fi alssu`ada’i

include my name with the list of the happiest ones,
وَرُوحِي مَعَ ٱلشُّهَدَاءِ
wa ruhi ma`a alshshuhada’i

add my soul to the martyrs,
وَإِحْسَانِي فِي عِلِّيِّينَ
wa ihsani fi `illiyyina

record my good deeds in the most exalted rank,
وَإِسَاءَتِي مَغْفُورَةً
wa isa’ati maghfuratan

decide my offense to be forgiven,
وَانْ تَهَبَ لِي يَقِيناً تُبَاشِرُ بِهِ قَلْبِي
wa an tahaba li yaqinan tubashiru bihi qalbi

grant me certitude that fills in my heart
وَإِيـمَاناً يُذْهِبُ ٱلشَّكَّ عَنِّي
wa imanan yudhhibu alshshakka `anni

and faith that removes doubt from me,
وَتُرْضِيَنِي بِمَا قَسَمْتَ لِي
wa turdiyani bima qasamta li

make me feel satisfied with that which You decide for me,
وَآتِنَا فِي ٱلدُّنْيَا حَسَنَةً
wa atina fi alddunya hasanatan

grant us reward in this world
وَفِي ٱلآخِرَةِ حَسَنَةً
wa fi al-akhirati hasanatan

and reward in the Hereafter,
وَقِنَا عَذَابَ ٱلنَّارِ ٱلْحَرِيقِ
wa qina `adhaba alnnari alhariqi

save us from the torment of the burning Fire,
وَٱرْزُقْنِي فِيهَا ذِكْرَكَ وَشُكْرَكَ وَٱلرَّغْبَةَ إِلَيْكَ
warzuqni fiha dhikraka wa shukraka walrraghbata ilayka

and confer upon us at this night Your mentioning, thanking You, desiring for You,
وَٱلإِنَابَةَ وَٱلتَّوْفِيقَ لِمَا وَفَّقْتَ لَهُ مُحَمَّداً وَآلَ مُحَمَّدٍ عَلَيْهِ وَعَلَيْهِمُ ٱلسَّلاَمُ
wal-inabata walttawfiqa lima waffaqta lahu muhammadan wa ala muhammadin `alayhi wa `alayhimu alssalamu

turning to You, and success to that to which You led Muhammad and the Household of Muhammad, peace be upon him and them.
يَا رَبَّ لَيْلَةِ الْقَدْرِ وَ جَاعِلَهَا خَيْرا مِنْ اَلْفِ شَهْرٍ وَ رَبَّ اللَّيْلِ وَ النَّهَارِ وَ الْجِبَالِ وَ الْبِحَارِ وَ الظُّلَمِ وَ الْاَنْوَارِ وَ الْاَرْضِ وَ السَّمَاءِ يَا بَارِئُ يَا مُصَوِّرُ يَا حَنَّانُ يَا مَنَّانُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا رَحْمَانُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا قَيُّومُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا بَدِيعُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا اللّٰهُ يَا اللّٰهُ لَكَ الْاَسْمَاءُ الْحُسْنَى وَ الْاَمْثَالُ الْعُلْيَا وَ الْكِبْرِيَاءُ وَ الْآلاءُ اَسْاَلُكَ اَنْ تُصَلِّيَ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَ آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَ اَنْ تَجْعَلَ اسْمِي فِي هَذِهِ اللَّيْلَةِ فِي السُّعَدَاءِ وَ رُوحِي مَعَ الشُّهَدَاءِ وَ اِحْسَانِي فِي عِلِّيِّينَ وَ اِسَاءَتِي مَغْفُورَةً وَ اَنْ تَهَبَ لِي يَقِينا تُبَاشِرُ بِهِ قَلْبِي وَ اِيمَانا يُذْهِبُ الشَّكَّ عَنِّي وَ تُرْضِيَنِي بِمَا قَسَمْتَ لِي وَ آتِنَا فِي الدُّنْيَا حَسَنَةً وَ فِي الْآخِرَةِ حَسَنَةً وَ قِنَا عَذَابَ النَّارِ الْحَرِيقِ وَ ارْزُقْنِي فِيهَا ذِكْرَكَ وَ شُكْرَكَ وَ الرَّغْبَةَ اِلَيْكَ وَ الْاِنَابَةَ وَ التَّوْبَةَ وَ التَّوْفِيقَ لِمَا وَفَّقْتَ لَهُ مُحَمَّدا وَ آلَ مُحَمَّدٍ عَلَيْهِمُ السَّلامُ .

The Twenty Third Night Prayer: It is recommended to offer an eight unit prayer with any selected Surahs.

The Twenty-Third Day Supplication

اَللّٰهُمَّ اغْسِلْنِي فِيْهِ مِنَ الذُّنُوْبِ
allahumma aghsilny fihi mina aldhdhunubi

O Allah; on this day, (please) cleanse me from sinning;
وَ طَهِّرْنِي فِيْهِ مِنَ الْعُيُوْبِ
wa tahhrny fihi mina al`uyubi

And purify me from defects,
وَ امْتَحِنْ قَلْبِي فِيْهِ بِتَقْوَى الْقُلُوْبِ
wamtahin qalby fihi bitaqwa alqulubi

And try my heart with the cordial piety;
يَا مُقِيْلَ عَثَرَاتِ الْمُذْنِبِيْنَ
ya muqila `atharati almudhnibina

O He Who overlook the slips of the guilty ones.

General Amaal of Shab -e- Qadr

Take a bath
It is recommended to bathe oneself on each of the Qadr Nights. According to ‘Allamah al-Majlisi, it is preferable to perform the bathing (ghusl) at sunset so as to be ready for the Isha’ Prayer.
2 rakaat prayer
It is recommended to offer a two unit prayer reciting at each unit Surah al-Fatehah once and repeating Surah al-Tawheed seven times. After the completion of the prayer, the following supplication should be repeated seventy times:

اَسْتَغْفِرُ اللّٰه وَ اَتُوْبُ اِلَيْه

According to a hadith reported from the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.), Almighty Allah will forgive one who offers this prayer and will forgive his parents before he leaves his place.

Holy Qur'an amaal
It is recommended to open a copy of the Holy Qur’an between one’s hands and recite the following:

اَللّٰهُمَّ اِنِّي اَسْاَلُكَ بِكِتَابِكَ الْمُنْزَلِ وَ مَا فِيْهِ وَ فِيْهِ اسْمُكَ الْاَكْبَرُ وَ اَسْمَاؤُكَ الْحُسْنَى وَ مَا يُخَافُ وَ يُرْجَى اَنْ تَجْعَلَنِي مِنْ عُتَقَائِكَ مِنَ النَّارِ.

Then, one may pray to God to fulfill one’s desires.

It is recommended to put a copy of the Holy Qur’an on the head and say the following:

اَللّٰهُمَّ بِحَقِّ هٰذَا الْقُرْآنِ وَ بِحَقِّ مَنْ اَرْسَلْتَهُ بِهِ وَ بِحَقِّ كُلِّ مُؤْمِنٍ مَدَحْتَهُ فِيهِ وَ بِحَقِّكَ عَلَيْهِمْ فَلَا اَحَدَ اَعْرَفُ بِحَقِّكَ مِنْكَ

Then, one should repeat each of the following ten times:

بِكَ يَا اللّٰهُ
بِمُحَمَّدٍ
بِعَلِيٍّ
بِفَاطِمَةَ
بِالْحَسَنِ
بِالْحُسَيْنِ
بِعَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ
بِمُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ
بِجَعْفَرِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ
بِمُوسَى بْنِ جَعْفَرٍ
بِعَلِيِّ بْنِ مُوسَى
بِمُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ
بِعَلِيِّ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ
بِالْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ
بِالْحُجَّةِ

One should then pray Almighty Allah to fulfill one’s desires.

Visit tomb of Imam Husain (a)
It is advisable to visit the holy tomb of Imam al-Husayn (a) at these nights. A hadith, in this respect, reads that on the Qadr Nights, a caller from the heavens will call from the Seventh Sky and, specifically, from the centre of the Holy Throne that Almighty Allah shall forgive whoever visits the tomb of al-Husayn (a).
100 rakaat prayer
It is recommended to offer the one hundred unit prayer. It is preferable to recite at these units Surah al-Faatehah once and repeat Surah al-Tawheed ten times.
Supplication 1
It is recommended to say the following supplication:

اَللّٰهُمَّ اِنِّي اَمْسَيْتُ لَكَ عَبْدًا دَاخِرًا لَا اَمْلِكُ لِنَفْسِي نَفْعًا وَ لَا ضَرًّا وَ لَا اَصْرِفُ عَنْهَا سُوءًا اَشْهَدُ بِذٰلِكَ عَلَى نَفْسِيْ وَ اَعْتَرِفُ لَكَ بِضَعْفِ قُوَّتِي وَ قِلَّةِ حِيْلَتِي فَصَلِّ عَلَىٰ مُحَمَّدٍ وَ آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَ اَنْجِزْ لِي مَا وَعَدْتَنِي وَ جَمِيْعَ الْمُؤْمِنِيْنَ وَ الْمُؤْمِنَاتِ مِنَ الْمَغْفِرَةِ فِي هٰذِهِ اللَّيْلَةِ وَ اَتْمِمْ عَلَيَّ مَا آتَيْتَنِي فَاِنِّي عَبْدُكَ الْمِسْكِيْنُ الْمُسْتَكِيْنُ الضَّعِيْفُ الْفَقِيْرُ الْمَهِيْنُ اَللّٰهُمَّ لَا تَجْعَلْنِي نَاسِيًا لِذِكْرِكَ فِيْمَا اَوْلَيْتَنِي وَ لَا [غَافِلًا] لِاِحْسَانِكَ فِيْمَا اَعْطَيْتَنِي وَ لَا آيِسًا مِنْ اِجَابَتِكَ وَ اِنْ اَبْطَاَتْ عَنِّي فِي سَرَّاءَ [كُنْتُ‏] اَوْ ضَرَّاءَ اَوْ شِدَّةٍ اَوْ رَخَاءٍ اَوْ عَافِيَةٍ اَوْ بَلَاءٍ اَوْ بُؤْسٍ اَوْ نَعْمَاءَ اِنَّكَ سَمِيْعُ الدُّعَاءِ

al-Kaf’ami has narrated that Imam Zayn al-’Abidin (عليه السلام) used to recite this supplication frequently during the Qadr Nights while sitting, standing, genuflecting, and prostrating.

Ask for forgiveness
‘Allamah al-Majlisi has mentioned that the most favorable rite during the Qadr Nights is to implore for Almighty Allah’s forgiveness, to mention Him, to pray for the settlement of one’s worldly and religious affairs as well as for one’s parents, relatives, and brethren-in-faith; the dead and the alive, and to invoke blessings upon the Holy Prophet and his Household.
Dua Jawshan al-Kabir
It is recommended to say the famous supplication known as Dua al-Jawshan al-Kabir, on the three Qadr Nights.
Pray for good health
It has been also narrated that when he was asked about the best prayer that one may ask on the Qadr Night, the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) said, “Pray for good health.”

Aamal for 23rd Night of Ramaḍān

Surah Ankaboot, Surah Rum, Surah Dukhan
It is recommended to recite Surahs al-’Ankabut (Chapter 29) and al-Rum (Chapter 30). Imam al-Sadiq(a.s.) is reported to have said, “Whoever recites these two Surahs at this night, will be included with the people of Paradise.”

It is recommended to recite Surah al-Dukhan (Chapter 44).

Surah Qadr
It is recommended to repeat Surah al-Qadr one thousand times.
Supplication 1
It is highly advisable to recite the following famous supplication as many times as possible on this night:

اَللهمَّ کُن لولیّکَالحُجةِ بنِ الحَسَنِ صَلَواتُکَ عَلَیهِ و عَلی ابائهِ فی هذهِ السّاعةِ، و فی کُلّ ساعَة وَلیّا و حافظا وقائِداً وَ ناصِراً وَ دَلیلاً وَ عَیناً حَتّی تُسکِنَهُ اَرضَکَ طَوعاً و تُمَتّعَهُ فیها طَویلًا.
Supplication 2
It is recommended to recite the following supplication:

اَللّٰهُمَّ امْدُدْ لِي فِي عُمُرِي وَ اَوْسِعْ لِي فِي رِزْقِي وَ اَصِحَّ لِي جِسْمِي وَ بَلِّغْنِي اَمَلِي وَ اِنْ كُنْتُ مِنَ الْاَشْقِيَاءِ فَامْحُنِي مِنَ الْاَشْقِيَاءِ وَ اكْتُبْنِي مِنَ السُّعَدَاءِ فَاِنَّكَ قُلْتَ فِي كِتَابِكَ الْمُنْزَلِ عَلَى نَبِيِّكَ الْمُرْسَلِ صَلَوَاتُكَ عَلَيْهِ وَ آلِهِ يَمْحُو اللّٰهُ مَا يَشَاءُ وَ يُثْبِتُ وَ عِنْدَهُ اُمُّ الْكِتَابِ
Supplication 3
It is recommended to say the following supplication:

اَللّٰهُمَّ اجْعَلْ فِيمَا تَقْضِي وَ فِيمَا تُقَدِّرُ مِنَ الْاَمْرِ الْمَحْتُومِ وَ فِيمَا تَفْرُقُ مِنَ الْاَمْرِ الْحَكِيمِ فِي لَيْلَةِ الْقَدْرِ مِنَ الْقَضَاءِ الَّذِي لا يُرَدُّ وَ لا يُبَدَّلُ اَنْ تَكْتُبَنِي مِنْ حُجَّاجِ بَيْتِكَ الْحَرَامِ فِي عَامِي هٰذَا الْمَبْرُورِ حَجُّهُمْ الْمَشْكُورِ سَعْيُهُمْ الْمَغْفُورِ ذُنُوبُهُمْ الْمُكَفَّرِ عَنْهُمْ سَيِّئَاتُهُمْ وَ اجْعَلْ فِيمَا تَقْضِي وَ تُقَدِّرُ اَنْ تُطِيلَ عُمْرِي وَ تُوَسِّعَ لِي فِي رِزْقِي
Supplication 4
It is recommended to recite the following supplication that is mentioned in the book of Iqbal al-A’mal:

يَا بَاطِنا فِي ظُهُورِهِ وَ يَا ظَاهِرا فِي بُطُونِهِ وَ يَا بَاطِنا لَيْسَ يَخْفَى وَ يَا ظَاهِرا لَيْسَ يُرَى يَا مَوْصُوفا لا يَبْلُغُ بِكَيْنُونَتِهِ مَوْصُوفٌ وَ لا حَدٌّ مَحْدُودٌ وَ يَا غَائِبا [غَائِبُ‏] غَيْرَ مَفْقُودٍ وَ يَا شَاهِدا [شَاهِدُ] غَيْرَ مَشْهُودٍ يُطْلَبُ فَيُصَابُ وَ لا يَخْلُو [لَمْ يَخْلُ‏] مِنْهُ السَّمَاوَاتُ وَ الْاَرْضُ وَ مَا بَيْنَهُمَا طُرْفَةَ [طَرْفَةَ] عَيْنٍ لا يُدْرَكُ بِكَيْفٍ [بِكَيْفَ‏] وَ لا يُؤَيَّنُ بِاَيْنٍ [بِاَيْنَ‏] وَ لا بِحَيْثٍ [بِحَيْثُ‏] اَنْتَ نُورُ النُّورِ وَ رَبُّ الْاَرْبَابِ اَحَطْتَ بِجَمِيعِ الْاُمُورِ سُبْحَانَ مَنْ لَيْسَ كَمِثْلِهِ شَيْ‏ءٌ وَ هُوَ السَّمِيعُ الْبَصِيرُ سُبْحَانَ مَنْ هُوَ هَكَذَا وَ لا هَكَذَا غَيْرُهُ

Then, one may pray for settling his needs.

Take a bath
It is recommended to do a new bathing, other than the first one, at the last hours of night. In fact, to bathe oneself, to spend the whole night with acts of worship, to visit the holy tomb of Imam al-Husayn (a.s.), and to offer the one hundred unit prayer at this night - all these deeds have been confirmed by narrations to be done at the twenty-third night of Ramaḍān.
100 rakaat prayer
In Tahdhib al-Ahkam, Shaykh al-Tusi has narrated that Imam Ja’far al-Sadiq(a.s.) instructed Abu-Basir to offer at the night that is expected to be the Qadr Night a prayer of one hundred units reciting at each unit Surah al-Faatehah once and repeating Surah al-Tawheed ten times. “If I fail to do all the movements of this prayer, what will I do?” asked Abu-Basir. “You may then offer it while sitting,” said Imam al-Sadiq(a.s.). “What if I, too, fail to offer it while sitting?” asked Abu-Basir. “You may then offer it while lying on your bed,” said Imam al-Sadiq(a.s.).
Recitation of Holy Qur'an
‘Allamah al-Majlisi has confirmed that one should recite the Holy Qur'an as much as possible on this night and should also pray to Almighty Allah by reading the supplications from al-Sahifah al-Kamilah al-Sajjadiyyah in general and specifically supplications known as Makarim al-Akhlaq and al-Tawbah.
Misc
In the book of Da’a’im al-Islam, it is mentioned that the Holy Prophet (ﷺ) used to roll up his bed and tie his garment so as to dedicate all his time to acts of worship at the last ten nights of Ramaḍān. He also used to awaken his family members at the twenty-third night of Ramaḍān (so as to practice acts of worship) by splashing water on their faces. Lady Fatimah al-Zahra’ (عليه السلام), too, used to prevent her family members from sleeping at the twenty-third night of Ramaḍān by reducing the amount of food that she usually gave to them and by making them sleep at day so as not to be overcome by sleepiness at night. She then used to say, “The actual deprived one is he who is deprived of the good of this night.”

It has been also narrated that Imam Ja’far al-Sadiq (عليه السلام), at the twenty-third night of Ramaḍān, ordered his servants to carry him to the mosque because he was ailed. He spent that night in the mosque up to the next morning.

The sanctity of the Qadr Days should be considered by engaging oneself with acts of worship, recitation of the Holy Qur’an, and praying Almighty Allah. Through a considerable chain of authority, it has been narrated that the Qadr Days are as holy as the Qadr Nights.